President Donald Trump asked his senior advisors about the potential options to attack Iran’s main nuclear plant. The officials in the meeting warned
President Donald Trump asked his senior advisors about the potential options to attack Iran’s main nuclear plant. The officials in the meeting warned him by saying such actions can lead to broader conflicts.
Iran is enriched with uranium stockpiles 12 times more which was in 2015 in the nuclear deal.
Donald Trump rejected the deal in 2018 saying that it is defective at its core and reinstate US sanctions to attempt a force on Iran leaders for replacement but they stepped back and retaliated the key commitments including the production of Uranium.
President-elect Joe Biden, who will take the office on 20 January, said that he will consider rejoining the nuclear deal, as long as Iran is ready for negotiation and compliance.
The IAEA published last Wednesday that Iran has produced low- enriched uranium which is 2442.9 kg, far above the limit set under the nuclear deal that is enough to produce two nuclear weapons. Here the low enriched uranium comprises only 3-5 % of uranium that can produce fuel for power plants while weapon-based is 90% enriched which far beyond considering the recent production.
Iran lifted its limitation on the production of uranium, in 2008 when the US refused the deal. Furthermore, France, Germany, and the UK said they did not accept Iran’s argument.
Enriched uranium is made by feeding uranium hexafluoride gas into a centrifuge to separate most of the isotope for nuclear fission. A high concentration of uranium is used in research reactors while weapon-grade uranium is 90% enriched. Under the nuclear deal, 3.67%concentration of uranium is allowed for Iran to enrich. Another deal includes not accumulating more than 130 tonnes of heavy water, containing more hydrogen than ordinary water, and redesign their heavy water at Arak.
Considering the failure of the nuclear deal, Iran set 5 commitments to reduce it-
- On 1 July 2019, it lifted the limits on its stockpiles of enriched uranium and heavy water
- On 7 July, it began enriching uranium to 4.5% concentration so it could provide fuel for the Bushehr power plant – beyond the 3.67% cap
- On 6 September, it lifted “all limits” on research and development of centrifuge technology and began to install more advanced centrifuges
- On 5 November, it resumed enrichment at Fordo
- On 5 January 2020, it lifted the limit on the number of centrifuges in operation
One of the journals warned Trump that conflicts with Iran end up badly for everyone involved.
The US and Iran came into a war this January when Trump ordered a strike in Iran which killed their Iranian commander Qasem Suleimani.
Iran responded by firing ballistic missiles at Iraqi military-based housing US forces, no one was killed but were diagnosed with brain injuries.